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Permanent Partial Disability (PPD) L&I Settlement In Washington State

By Workers Compensation Lawyer and Attorney Chris Sharpe

What is an L&I Settlement?

An L&I settlement is money paid for a work related job injury. The money is paid at claim closure. There are three different types of L&I Settlements.

  1. Permanent Partial Disability (PPD) is money payment at claim closure for persons who can return to work.  The web-page you are now on is all about this PPD settlement
  2. Pension Lifetime monthly payments for someone who will never return to work again. It is the best possible settlement; the equivalent of time loss for the rest of your life.
  3. Structured Settlement (CRSSA). A CRSSA is a settlement for someone who doesn’t need their L&I claim. A CRSSA trades away most of the L&I claim for a modest settlement. These settlements are usually not fair.

L&I Permanent Partial Disability (PPD) is an L&I Claim Settlement.

A permanent partial disability settlement (PPD) is money paid at closure of the L&I claim. The PPD money is for permanent impairment caused by the job injury.

If You Have or If You Will Return to Work then a Permanent Partial Disability (PPD) Settlement is your best settlement option.

How Much PPD Settlement Money Will I Get?  Benefit Payment Amounts & L&I Schedule of Awards.

PPD Settlement Benefit Amount Calculation – The amount of PPD settlement money varies with the date of injury, the seriousness of the disability, whether you have any liens or over-payments on your claim, and what you do to help yourself.

  • Date of injury is important because each year L&I increases the amount of money they will pay for a particular disability. The payment you receive is found in the PPD schedules. The PPD schedule for you is based on your date of injury.
  • The  seriousness of your injuries as measured by your permanent partial disability rating. PPD ratings are made by medical personnel, usually an IME doctor or your own doctor. Get a good PPD rating or you will be disappointed with your settlement amount. 
  • PPD rating are the opinions of doctors. Opinions vary.  It’s smart to have your PPD examiner be someone who believes in you and is informed about your injuries. Impairment ratings can be performed by most currently licensed physicians.  WAC 296.20.2010(1).  There is no requirement that a PPD impairment rating doctor be a network provider.
  • IME doctors will ruin your PPD rating. Here is how that happens. You attend an IME and the examiner gives you a bad rating. Your doctor chooses to agree with the IME and just like that you have a PPD settlement problem. Don’t let that happen!
  • Help yourself – Don’t sit back and wait for L&I to stick it to you. Do what is smart to help yourself.  For example, don’t let your doctor unthinkingly agree with the IME. Talk to your doctor and help him get it right. You’re doing the right thing now- getting informed. Keep reading this website, learn about your rights, and take action to get a fair settlement.
  • View the PPD Settlement Video

Schedule of PPD Awards – The amount of L&I disability settlement money is preset in the PPD schedule.

  • You can influence the amount of money you get, see PPD Settlement Benefit amount calculation above and PPD settlement calculator just below.
  • You cannot change the award schedule. It is preset according to impairment rating(s) and date of injury. These schedules are very complex. I do not recommend you get lost in these details. However if you want to see it – here it is. PPD Settlement Rules

PPD Settlement Calculator

  • A Permanent Partial Disability Calculator is a claim closing process.  Your disability is rated by a doctor as a percent of amputation value or a category of bodily impairment and then your claim is closed.
  • It is a process and these are the required steps. Open claim, get medical care, become employable, get a rating exam and close claim with a PPD settlement.
  • The calculations occur when converting the rating exam to settlement dollars. The actual calculation is just simple multiplication. Sure it’s nice to know what you might get – but don’t focus on that. Focus on what you are going to do to improve the numbers so that you improve your PPD settlement.  It is the rating exam impairment numbers and AP (your doctor) concurrence or non-concurrence that is important. 

PPD Rating Exams – What is an IME?

  • Permanent Partial Rating exams are done in anticipation of claim closure. They are performed by licensed physicians. There are both favorable and unfavorable rating exams. Guess which type of rating exam L&I has planned for you?
  • A good rating exam is done by a doctor who cares about you, who will listen to what you say, and who is not afraid to tell L&I what he or she thinks. This can and probably should be your attending physician.
  • A bad rating exam is usually done by an IME doctor. Thee are hired guns who don’t listen, don’t care, and close their eyes to your problems. Don’t sit back and let an IME doctor ruin your settlement. Get Help. Learn about IME’s .

How Long Does It Take to Get a PPD Settlement?

A permanent partial disability PPD settlement, if any, is awarded at the end of the claim – after medical care is completed (maximum medical improvement reached), after you are employable (working or can work), after you get a PPD disability rating and at the time L&I issues a closing order.

Is a PPD Settlement a Lump Sum or is it Time Payments?

  • Small PPD payments are lump sum. If the settlement money is less than three times the state’s average monthly wage at the date of injury, a check for that amount is sent.
  • Modest and large PPD payments are both lump sum and time payments.  If the settlement money exceeds  more than three times the state’s average monthly wage at the date of injury, a down payment of that amount is made. Then the balance of the award is paid in monthly installments equal to the worker’s monthly time-loss compensation (at the time of closure).

What If I Don’t Like My Settlement Amount?

Do something about it. You must accomplish a protest or an appeal. You can do it yourself or you can ask a lawyer to protest or appeal for you. If you want to talk to a lawyer you can Contact us, Don’t wait until its too late.

Can I Cash a PPD Check and Ask for More Settlement Money?

Yes, you can cash a PPD check and ask for more settlement money. You ask for more by appealing or protesting the closing order before the 60 day deadline passes. If you don’t protest or appeal successfully then you don’t get anymore money. Period.

Everybody Wants to Know how Much Money They will Get for an Injury at Work PPD Settlement.

You can Figure it out yourself if you know:

  1. Your date of injury
  2. Your injuries for each affected body part
  3. Your category or percentage rating for each affected body part and for your mental health. This is also known as the permanent partial disability rating. You can be rated once all your medical conditions are at maximum medical improvement.

What is a Fair L&I Settlement?

Who decides what is fair? Does anyone ever get back what they have lost? How do you keep from getting the short end of the stick.

L&I settlements are inherently unfair because they are a compromise. Nobody ever gets back what they have lost – you lose the use and function of a body part – but L&I can only give you settlement money. L&I’s plan is to give you less than you deserve.

Don’t worry about taking advantage of L&I. So long as you are honest with L&I you will not be getting any unfair advantage.  As for not getting a bad deal, that depends on your facts, the claim management, what you do to help yourself, and whether or not you have a good plan. I recommend that you follow the advice of a workers comp attorney.

This is not rocket science. You can get a fair settlement, but don’t sit back and expect it to happen.  You have to take the right steps to get a better settlement

How Do I Get a Better Settlement?

There are several ways to do this.

  • Consider a Pension if you can not work.
  • View our settlement video again.
  • Don’t let IME doctors push you around.
  • Reread this page and understand the information presented here.
  • Take a realistic view of the mental health aspects of a serious disability. Don’t miss out on this benefit.
  • Get informed so you can make good decisions.
  • If you have questions or don’t understand what I’m saying then Contact us.

What Can I Do to Help Myself?

Understand the L&I claim process. With your claim open, get your medical care, get your time loss paid, be ready to and/or do return to work. At this point you are in position to have your L&I PPD rated and your claim closed.

Understand how PPD works, see Alvins story,  An L&I Settlement Example.

If you like complex and difficult things look at PPD Settlement Rules.

If you will never work again see Pensions.

For a fair settlement, make sure your physical and mental losses are fairly and accurately assessed and don’t trust IME doctors.

You can  help the claims manager make the right decision. You can try to DIY.  You can talk to a lawyer.

Can I Reopen After a Settlement?

Yes you can reopen a PPD settlement after final claim closure for worsening of your medical condition. For deadlines and other considerations see Reopening your claim 

L&I Attorney Chris Sharpe Explains Other L&I Benefits Besides PPD.

There are many other L&I benefits which are not settlements.  Here is a list of the most important benefits.  L&I Benefits Summary

What is an L&I Pension?

A pension is a different way to settle your case. If you cannot work again, and you can prove it, a pension will pay you time loss for the rest of your life. If you think this would help you, look at our Pension Video. 

An L&I pension is the best possible settlement. An L&I pension has nothing to do with your employer. This is not a retirement pension. This is a disability pension. Anyone hurt on the job and unemployable is eligible. The best pension candidates are over age 55, have a singular work history, and a physically demanding job. They also have a helpful doctor, they cannot work again, and they are willing to talk to a lawyer. If this is you contact us.

What is Better L&I PPD or L&I Pension?

That depends on your employablility. If you will or have returned to work then PPD is your best settlement. If you will never work again, then an L&I Pension is your best benefit.

DIY PPD Settlements

Can I do it myself? Many people do. Read this page several times. Pay special attention to the PPD rating exam section. Learn about IME’s.  Get a good rating exam, get your doctor to help and you may get a fair settlement.

Can a Washington State L&I Lawyer Help Me?

A free phone consultation with an L&I lawyer in our office will answer that question. An L&I attorney can easily assess where you are and what should be done next. Once you get their advice, you can DIY or you can ask them if they will help you. A good workers’ compensation lawyer won’t take your case unless they believe they can improve your settlement.  Initial consultations by our law office always are free, ask as many questions as you want to ask. You do not have to pay a lawyer to figure out if you can DIY or want a lawyer. We can help you plan a smart course of action to get the best possible settlement.   Contact us. 

L&I PPD Settlement Video.

Learn more about L&I PPD Settlements and view our VIDEO

What’s Next?