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Claim Suppression of L&I / Workers’ Compensation Claims

What Is Claim Suppression?

Claim suppression occurs when employers try to keep workers from reporting injuries on the job.  Claim suppression is against the law. RCW 51.28.010(3)(4) .

Claim suppression is intentionally:

  • Inducing employees to fail to report injuries;
  • Inducing employees to treat injuries in the course of employment as off-the-job injuries; or
  • Acting otherwise to suppress legitimate industrial insurance claims. This can include retaliation, discrimination, harassment, and unnecessarily fighting legitimate L&I claims.

Why Do Employers Suppress Claims?

Employers suppress claims to save money. A claim not filed or allowed  keeps experience ratings and thus the employer’s Washington L&I premiums relatively low.

What Happens to Employers Who Get Caught Suppressing Claims?

An employer who violates the law by suppressing claims is subject to penalties and other serious administrative actions.  RCW 51.28.025 (2)

  • A penalty assessed against the employer, of at least two hundred fifty dollars, not to exceed two thousand five hundred dollars, for each offense.
  • Extra time for the injured worker to file the L&I claim, in the form of a discretionary waiver of the Statue of limitations for filing a claim. This benefit is time limited; the complaint or allegation of claim suppression must be  received within two years of the worker’s accident.
  • When a determination of claim suppression has been made, the employer shall be prohibited from any current or future participation in a retrospective rating program. RCW 51.28.025(2).
  • When a determination of claim suppresion is made, and the employer is self-insured, the director shall withdraw certification as provided in RCW 51.14.080. This statue provides for withdrawal of self insured certification when the self insurer intentionally or repeatedly induces employees to fail to report injuries, induces claimants to treat injuries in the course of employment as off-the-job injuries, persuades claimants to accept less than the compensation due, or unreasonably makes it necessary for claimants to resort to proceedings against the employer to obtain compensation.

These two statutes are very effective deterrents to employer bad behavior because they are aimed at the pocket book of the employers who suppress claims. The retrospective rating program and the ability to self insure are BIG dollar privileges for self insured employers. Employers do not want to lose their ability to self insure or participate in retro.

Has Your Employer Said the Following?

  • You didn’t really hurt yourself on the job.
  • Didn’t you hurt your back at home last weekend?
  • If we keep our work place accidents down, employees will receive an incentive bonus. If you file a claim you will cause all your co-workers to lose their bonus.
  • If you hurt yourself at work, you won’t be called out for another job with this company.
  • Employees who hurt themselves at work have a hard time around here.
  • You’ll be fired if you file a claim.
  • You don’t need to file a claim. We’ll take care of it…
  • Why don’t you put this on your health insurance?

If your employer has said any of the above or something similar, then your employer is trying to suppress your L&I  claim. If your L&I claim is suppressed, use the remedies listed below.

Remedies If You Know of Claim Suppression by Your Employer.

  • File your workers’ compensation claim
  • Talk your situation over with a Washington State L&I lawyer.
  • Go Online and File a Complaint against your employer – Claim Suppression Complaint Form. See also RCW 51.28.025(4). This complaint is the key move which starts the process for holding the employer accountable for their claim suppression. If you fail to file the complaint, nothing happens.
  • The Department of Labor and Industries  has Investigation and Subpoena Power: The Director of the Department, or the Director’s designee, must investigate reports or complaints that an employer has engaged in claim suppression. Any complaint must be received in writing and must include the name or names of the individuals or organizations submitting the complaint. In cases where the Department can show probable cause, the Director is granted the authority to subpoena records from the employer, medical providers, and any other entity that the Director believes may have relevant information.

The Problem Of Company Doctors and Nurses or Work Clinics That Have Close Relationships With Employers

Most doctors and nurses are very good persons who genuinely try to help their patients. However, company doctors and nurses or drop in clinics that cater to employers may have an incentive to downplay their role in reporting injuries or helping injured workers.

This is just plain wrong. RCW 51.28.020 requires that medical professionals inform the injured worker of his or her rights under this title and lend all necessary assistance… in addition doctors take an oath to do no harm to their patients.

Doctors and nurses who contribute to claims suppression are unethical and should be reported to their licensing boards for their unprofessional conduct. There is no legitimate excuse for any medical professional to use their position of trust, influence, and power to harm their own patient. If your employer or self insured claims manager sent you to an unethical doctor who they knew would likely suppress your claim, then your employer may have conspired to commit claim suppression.

Report a Medical Professional Who is Doing the Wrong Thing

Contact the people who license them, The Washington State Department of Health.

Contact L&I. The Director of L&I has authority to audit health care providers.   RCW 51.36.100

Claims Suppression is Against the Law

Stand up for your rights!  Don’t let your employer wrongfully suppress your L&I claim. Take some action – file a complaint. If you would benefit from a free consultation or help from an attorney, then contact us.

Washington workers’ comp attorney Christopher Sharpe has been helping injured Washington state workers for over 30 years. He has built his practice on thoroughly educating, honestly helping, and successfully representing workers throughout Washington State. Could you use some legal advice or more information?  Contact us or call 800-919-4636.

What’s Next?

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